In most countries on the African continent including North Africa, same-sex relations are illegal and LGBT persons face discrimination and violation of fundamental rights. Homosexual acts are illegal in 38 African countries. In four of these countries (Mauritania, Sudan, 12 northern states in Nigeria and in the southern parts of Somalia) homosexual acts are punishable with death penalty.
In Angola both male and female homosexual acts are illegal. Criminal law prohibits private, adult and consensual homosexual acts as "an offense against public morality".
A positive development for Angola’s homosexual population, however, is that gay men have become less invisible and are included in discussions on public health and the HIV epidemic.
Information on the conditions for LGBT people in Burundi is very scarce.
Neither male to male nor female to female relationships are legal in Burundi.
Male to male relationships: Not legal
Female to female relationships: Not legal
On 22 April 2009 the president of Burundi signed into law a revision of the Penal Code which for the first time in history includes a prohibition of same-sex relations. Article 567 now punishes such relations with up to two years imprisonment upon conviction.
Information on the conditions for LGBT people in Chad is very scarce.
Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in Chad, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples do not receive the same legal protections as opposite-sex couples. There is no legal protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation.
The Gambia’s recent enactment of an amendment to Article 144 of the Criminal Code puts the already persecuted lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) community at an even greater risk of criminalisation, discrimination, stigmatisation and abuse. The amendment introduces a new crime: ‘aggravated homosexuality’, an almost verbatim reproduction of the section on ‘aggravated homosexuality’ first found in the infamous Anti-Homosexuality Act of Uganda.
The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights has adopted a new resolution on "Protection against Violence and other Human Rights Violations against Persons on the basis of their real or imputed Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity". This resolution should be able to be used by national and international NGO's in their advocay work for LGBT people in Africa. Read the full text of the resolution here.