Angola

In Angola both male and female homosexual acts are illegal. Criminal law prohibits private, adult and consensual homosexual acts as "an offense against public morality".

A positive development for Angola’s homosexual population, however, is that gay men have become less invisible and are included in discussions on public health and the HIV epidemic.

Laws against homosexuality were first introduced during Portuguese colonial rule and have remained after independence.

Legislation

Male to male relationships: Not legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: Fines or restrictions or penal labour

Female to female relationships: Not legal

Marriage and substitutes for marriage: No law

More on the Angolian law on ilga.org

Social climate for LGBT in Angola

In 2010, the Angolan government refused to receive Isi Yanouka as the new Israeli ambassador due to his sexual orientation. For more, see article from ilga.org

LGBT organizations

None found as of July 2012

Conventions

-

Other sources

Boy wivesKurt Falk, a German anthropologist wrote about the same sex life among "some Negro tribes of Angola", in 1923. Two groups that he discusses, namely "Wawihe" and "Ovigangellas" had varying levels of practice and acceptance of same sex love. He claims that among the Wahihe , not only younger men but "adult males also gratify themselves in these ways". He notices that such attraction was generally denied in the presence of strangers like himself but after being acquainted with him most men would admit to having a male sex partner. There were many words in the language to characterize the difference between "non-sexual friend" and "sexual friends."

Source: Boy Wives, Female Husbands edited by Stephen O. Murray and Will Roscoe (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1998).

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