Liberian law currently does not explicitly address homosexuality, however, same-sex sexual activity is considered de facto illegal. In July 2012, the Liberian Senate passed into law a bill to prevent same-sex marriages. There is no legal protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
The country's president, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, raised considerable debate when she was reported to defend antigay legislation in an interview in March 2012 with The Guardian. The president later clarified:
“There currently exists no law referencing homosexuality in Liberia, and as such the President could not be defending a law on homosexuality as was insinuated (...). What the President is on record as saying (...) is that any law brought before her regarding homosexuality will be vetoed. This statement also applies to an initial attempt by two members of the Liberian legislature to introduce tougher laws targeting homosexuality."
Liberian law currently does not explicitly address homosexuality. However, "Voluntary sodomy" is a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in prison, and therefore Liberian law is widely interpreted as a de facto criminalisation of homosexual acts.
There have been no recent convictions, according to the most recent U.S. State Department Human Rights Report.
More on Liberian law at ilga.org
In April 2012 an antigay group called the "Movement Against Gay's in Liberia" reportedly distributed a list of people suspected of being gay - a hit list reminiscent of the one that preceded the death in Uganda of prominent activist David Kato.
See more at ilga.org
In early 2012, the Movement for the Defence of Gays and Lesbians in Liberia (MODEGAL) began campaigning for gay rights. They have experienced a severe backlash, according to bbc.co.uk.
According to the most recent U.S. Human Rights Report, there were no other civil society groups dedicated to lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender rights operating in Liberia as of 2011.