Nigeria

Information on the conditions for LGBT people in Nigeria is well documented.

Homosexual acts between men are punishable by death in 12 states.

Legislation

Male to male relationships: 14 years of prison

Female to female relationships: 14 years of prison

Nigerian law provides for a 14-year prison sentence for homosexual acts involving either men or women. In addition, a new law, enacted Jan. 7, 2014, for prison sentences of 10 years for Nigerians belonging to a gay organization, supporting same-sex marriages, or displaying same-sex affection in public. It also calls for up to 14 years in prison for any Nigerian who marries a member of the same sex.

In 12 Nigerian states in the north, Sharia law also applies. For homosexual activity, that law provides the capital punishment for men, as well as the lashing or imprisonment for women.

More information

A 2012 report from QAYN documents the lived realities of lesbians, bisexuals, transgendered, queer and women who have sex with women in Ghana, Burkina Faso and Nigeria. Download Struggling alone: The Lived Realities of Women who have sex with Women in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Nigeria.

A 2015 report from PEN America and PEN Nigeria uses potent and poignant individual testimonies by LGBTI Nigerians to demonstrate how the Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act of 2014 has distorted Nigeria’s cultural and political landscape by silencing the country’s LGBTI community through state-sanctioned intimidation and marginalization. Download Silenced Voices, Threatened Lives: The impact of Nigerias anti-LGBT law on freedom of expression.

A 2017 report revealed that the 91 % of Nigerians do not believe that people are born homosexual, indicating that there is little belief in scientific and genetic justification or explanations. The survey also shows that 9 in 10 adult Nigerians are in support of the 2014 Same-Sex Marriage Prohiition Act (SSMPA). The survey includes a random nationwide sampling of 2,000 interviewed respondents. Download Social perception survey on lesbian, gay, and bisexual rights

A 2017 report named Not dancing to their music: The effects of homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia on the lives of LGBTQ people in Nigeria focuses on the lives of LGBTs in Nigeria after President Goodluck Jonathan signedthe SSMPA (Same Sex Marriage Prohibition Act). This report documents document the stigma, shame and sanctions facing LGBT communities across the country and, often, in the diaspora.

 

LGBT organizations/networks

As of July 2015 no LGBT organisations or networks can work in the country, but there is an organisation for the Nigerian LGBT Diapora: https://nigerianlgbtindiaspora.wordpress.com/

 

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