The Constitution of Bolivia, implemented in February 2009, prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The 2010 law against racism and all forms of discrimination includes sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited bases for discrimination in access to public and private services and to establishments serving the public.

The constitution limits legally recognized marriage and common-law marriage to opposite-sex unions. On 17 July 2010, Vice President Álvaro García Linera said that the Government had no plans to legalize same-sex marriage.

The same year the Bolivian President Evo Morales made himself unlucky noticed when he stood on a podium at an international environmental conference hosted by Bolivia and implied that eating chicken injected with "female hormones" might cause deviations in men.

On April 2012, a member of the opposition coalition, the National Convergence, introduced a bill in the National Congress to legalize civil unions. The president of the Parliament's Human Rights Commission said that the bill will be discussed and consulted during this year.


Male to male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to female relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

More on the Bolivian law at

Legal incidents


LGBT organizations/networks

More on LGBT networks in Bolivia in this article



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