The Constitution of Bolivia, implemented in February 2009, prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. The 2010 law against racism and all forms of discrimination includes sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited bases for discrimination in access to public and private services and to establishments serving the public.

The constitution limits legally recognized marriage and common-law marriage to opposite-sex unions. On 17 July 2010, Vice President Álvaro García Linera said that the Government had no plans to legalize same-sex marriage.

The same year the Bolivian President Evo Morales made himself unlucky noticed when he stood on a podium at an international environmental conference hosted by Bolivia and implied that eating chicken injected with "female hormones" might cause deviations in men:

On April 2012, a member of the opposition coalition, the National Convergence, introduced a bill in the National Congress to legalize civil unions. The president of the Parliament's Human Rights Commission said that the bill will be discussed and consulted during this year.

According to a 2017 poll carried out by ILGA 60% of Bolivians agreed that gay, lesbian and bisexual people should enjoy the same rights as straight people, while 17% disagreed. Additionally, 64% agreed that they should be protected from workplace discrimination. 26% of Bolivians, however, said that people who are in same-sex relationships should be charged as criminals, while a plurality of 45% disagreed:


Male to male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to female relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Same sex marriage or civil union: No

Discrimination protection

NRHI inclusive of sexual orientation: Yes

Constitution protection: Yes

Employment protection: Yes

Hate crimes law: Yes

Incitement: Yes

Other protection: Yes

LGBT organizations/networks

Igualdad LGBT:

Metamorfosis Bolivia:

Observatorio de los derechos LGBT:

Igualdad LGBT- Camiri:

Casa de la Diversidad Bolivia: