Brazil

The list of various LGBT rights in Brazil has expanded since the end  of the military dictatorship in 1985, and the creation of the new Constitution of Brazil of 1988. According to the Guinness World Records, the São Paulo Gay Pride Parade is the world's largest LGBT Pride celebration, with 4 million people in 2009. The South American country has 300 active LGBT organizations. LGBT people in Brazil have marriage rights available since May 2013. 

However, Brazil has been rated as one of the countries where the most gay people are killed. According to the report "Epidemic of Hate", published in 1996 by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission, at least 1,200 gays, lesbians and transsexuals were killed in Brazil alone in a decade. According to the Grupo Gay da Bahia (GGB), Brazil's largest and most active gay organization, a gay, lesbian or transvestite is brutally murdered every two days due to homophobia, with a total of 130 in one year alone. According to GGB's statistics, only 2% of these attacks are on lesbians, but "Love Sees No Borders" believes this number is grossly underestimated for two main reasons. First, a vast percentage of homophobia-related crimes go unreported. Even in the United States, most hate crimes are not reported. A large number of hate crimes in Brazil are committed by police officers, thus elevating the number of people unwilling to report a crime. Moreover, brutality against lesbians can often take the form of violent rape; if a victim comes forward, the charge will be rape, not a hate crime against a lesbian.

In September 2017, a federal judge in Brasília approved the use of conversion therapy by a psychologist to "cure" people of homosexuality, overruling a 1999 decision by the Federal Council of Psychology that forbade such treatment: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/brazil-gay-conversion-therapy-judge-approves-lgbt-rights-a7957161.html

Legislation

Male to male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to female relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for homosexuals and heterosexuals

Same sex marriage or civil union: Yes

Discrimination protection

NRHI inclusive of sexual orientation: Yes

Constitution protection: Yes

Employment protection: Yes

Hate crimes law: Yes

Incitement: No

Other protection: Yes

LGBT organizations/networks

Grupo Gay da Bahia: http://www.ggb.org.br/ggb-ingles.html

Associação Brasileira de Gays, Lésbicas, Bissexuais, Travestis e Transexuais: https://www.abglt.org/

Publications

Report on the Human Rights Situation of Afro-Brazilian Trans WomenThe qualitative research for this report was conducted in 2012 in Brazil and it examines the struggles of a group of individuals who are deeply marginalized from diverse economic, cultural, and political contexts, and who often remain subject to violence, sexual abuse, and murder. In addition to providing information and supporting recommendations on the status of the Afro-Brazilian trans population, the report highlights these individuals’ daily experiences by presenting their own arduous accounts of the struggle for survival and acceptance.

 

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