Lebanon

A poll done by the Pew Research Center in 2007 showed that 79% of Lebanese believed "homosexuality should be rejected by society", as opposed to 18% who believed "homosexuality should be accepted by society". But recently, there was an increase in the acceptance of LGBT people by the society, particularly after the Lebanese National Center for Psychiatry declassified the non-heterosexual sexual orientations as mental disorders in 2013, a milestone in the Arabic-speaking world.

Article 534 of the Lebanese Penal Code prohibits having sexual relations that are "contradicting the laws of nature", which is punishable by up to a year in prison. As a practical matter, enforcement of the law had been varied and often occurred through occasional police arrests. In 2002, the police broke into a woman's house after her mother claimed that her daughter had stolen some money and jewelry. Upon entering the house, the police found the woman having sexual relations with another woman and charged them both with the crime of sodomy. In January 2017, a Lebanese judge challenged the legal basis of the arrest of men for same-sex conduct. In his ruling, Judge Maalouf referred to a penal code provision protecting freedom of expression, Article 183, which states that, "An act undertaken in exercise of a right without abuse shall not be regarded as an offense." If no harm is done, there is no crime.

Legislation

Male to male relationships: Illegal

Punishments for male to male relationships: Yes

Female to female relationships: Legal

Same sex marriage or civil union: No

Discrimination protection

NRHI inclusive of sexual orientation: No

Constitution protection: No

Employment protection: No

Hate crimes law: No

Incitement: No

Other protection: No

LGBT organizations/networks

Helem: http://www.helem.net/

MOSAIC: https://www.mosaicmena.org/advocacy

 

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