Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.
Human Rights Watch report (2009).
Accoring to Human Rights Watch, the situation for LGBT people in Iraq is very worrying. The report describes how sexual minorities have been further marginalized during the war, especially by the Mahdi army who have killed and tortured LGBT persons. Through interviews with marginalized sexual minoritites HRW documents the problems and stress that the political leaders of Iraq must react to those.
HRW points to the Arab Charter on Human Rights, adopted in 1994 by the Council of the League of Arab States, of which Iraq is a member, which states in article 5 that “Every individual has the right to life, liberty and security of person. These rights shall be protected by law.”
Therefore the Iraqi authorities are obliged not to ignore known threats to the life of people within their jurisdiction, and to take reasonable and appropriate measures to protect LGBT persons. HRW ends the report by listing recommendations to the political leaders and the military.
Human Rights Watch Report (2010) documenting discrimination and violence against LGBT persons in Iran.
Human Rights Watch analyzed these abuses within the context of systematic human rights violations perpetrated by the Iranian government against its citizens generally, including arbitrary arrests and detentions, invasions of privacy, mistreatment, torture of detainees, and the lack of due process and fair trial standards. HRW calls on the Iranian government to abolish the laws and other legislation under the Islamic Penal Code that criminalize consensual same-sex conduct, especially those that impose the death penalty, and to cease the harassment, arrest, detention, prosecution, and conviction of LGBT persons or persons who engage in consensual same-sex conduct.
At least the report calls on other states and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees to implement policies and recommendations to safeguard the rights of Iran’s vulnerable LGBT refugees and asylum seekers.
Violence and discrimination against black lesbians and transgender men in South Africa (2011).
The constitution of South Africa in 1996 was the first in the world to include provisions of non-discrimination based on sexual orientation, however LGBT people in South Africa continue to face hostility and violence.
Social surveys demonstrate a wide gap between the ideals of the constitution and public attitudes toward such individuals. Negative public attitudes towards homosexuality go hand in hand with a broader pattern of discrimination, violence, hatred, and extreme prejudice against people known or assumed to be LGBT or those who violate gender and sexual norms in appearance or conduct (such as women playing soccer, dressing in a masculine manner, and refusing to date men). Constitutional protections are greatly weakened by the state’s failure to adequately enforce them.
This report documents discrimination and abuse against black lesbians, transgender men, and individuals who, while born female, do not conform to feminine gender norms and expectations. These individuals and groups experience discrimination, harassment, and violence at the hands of private individuals and sometimes state agents. HRW stress that the South African government has to take immediate steps to honor its promise of equality, non-discrimination, and a life of dignity for lesbians, gay men, and bisexual and transgender people; failing to do so betrays the constitution, imperiling the rights of all South Africans.
An evaluation report on how Sida (Swedish International Development Agency) addresses its commitments related to sexuality in Kenya (2007).
Sida interviewed people who were a part of their development programmes. Page 5 lists the questions asked, with special focus on how taking up a discussion and ensuing actions on sexuality can lead to better programming and eventually improved wellbeing and quality of life. The report also describes how areas which are not obviously connected to sexual rights, such as agriculture and infrastructure, also have taken significant steps to address sexuality issues in relation to HIV/AIDS and gender and other cross cutting issues. The evaluation report ends with a list of recommendations (page 11).