Country Reports

Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.

Documents

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Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 1.08 MB
Downloads: 1219

Report from the LGBT Rights Project by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights (2010).

cambodjaHomosexuality is not illegal in Cambodia and there are no anti-gay religious traditions. However, LGBT persons in Cambodia still face discrimination and/or abuse from family members, employers, and police.

As a result of differences in language and culture, the concept of ‘homosexuality’ as understood in the West is not necessarily directly transferable and understandable in the Cambodian context. Rather, the Cambodian understanding of sexuality is derived from concepts of gender, character and personality. The focus on these character traits and outwardly visible characteristics instead of sexual orientation means that many Cambodians who are homosexual do not identify themselves as such. Among Buddhists, there is a general disposition to tolerate homosexuality. Because Cambodian culture is predominantly Buddhist, homosexuality, whilst seen as an oddity, does not attract the kind of aggressive reaction as can be seen in Christian or Muslim cultures. King Father Norodom Sihanouk has expressed public support for LGBT people but the views of other politicians have been mixed. The challenges faced by LGBT people in Cambodia have not been acknowledged by the Royal Government of Cambodia ("RGC") and do not seem to feature on the RGC agenda at all.

Perspectives - Struggle for Equality Perspectives - Struggle for Equality

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Date added: 08/02/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 608.99 kB
Downloads: 1224

perspectives_imagePolitical analysis and commentary from Africa (2010).

Over the past couple of years, there has not been a shortage of examples of human rights violations of LGBTI persons throughout the continent. The violations have been perpetrated by both state and non-state actors. The violations vary from the denial of basic rights to, in some extreme cases, physical violence against LGBTI people and sometimes even death. Some states have taken efforts to strengthen criminal laws by increasing penalties or broadening the list of offences that LGBTI people can be charged under.

Current and former heads of state continue to make statements condemning same sex relations. Various religious formations have also taken the opportunity to oppose same sex relationships. There are currently 38 countries on the continent that actively criminalise same sex intimacy and, while not expressly criminalised in other countries, other laws, like vagrancy or public nuisance laws, can be used to prosecute and persecute LGBTI individuals and groups.

In 6 articles, this publication covers different aspects of LGBTI activism in Africa, including experiences from Nigeria, Zimbabwe and South Africa. The message is that despite the myriad of challenges and hostile environment there is an ongoing engagement and growing movement towards equality for LGBTI people throughout the continent.

Criminalizing identities Criminalizing identities

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Date added: 02/27/2013
Date modified: 05/24/2013
Filesize: 422.81 kB
Downloads: 1232

Rights abuses in Cameroon based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Criminalizing identities CameroonThis 62-page report from 2010 details how the government uses article 347 bis of the Penal Code to deny basic rights to people perceived to be gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). The report describes arrests, beatings by the police, abuses in prison, and a homophobic atmosphere that encourages shunning and abuse in the community. The consequence is that people are not punished for a specific outlawed practice, but for a homosexual identity, the groups said.

Denied Identity. Human Rights Abuses against Iran's LGBT Community. Denied Identity. Human Rights Abuses against Iran's LGBT Community.

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Date added: 02/13/2014
Date modified: 02/13/2014
Filesize: 4.11 MB
Downloads: 1235

Denied Identity Iran2013, 60 pages

Lesbians and gays face serious violations of their human rights in Iran. This report from The Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC) gives a thorough background to the past and current situation for LGBT people in Iran. The report contains in-depth case stories collected through testimonies and other sources.

Digital threats and opportunities for LGBT activists in Jordan Digital threats and opportunities for LGBT activists in Jordan

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Date added: 12/04/2017
Date modified: 12/04/2017
Filesize: 5.9 MB
Downloads: 1266

Jordan

2016, 7 pages

This report explores online opportunities and challenges for LGBT people in Jordan, and how digital and traditional media coverage affects the LGBT Arab identity. Same sex relationships are legal in Jordan, but the LGBT community remains subject to discrimination and prejudice. Sexuality in general remains a taboo topic, and sexual expression outside the context of traditional marriage is condemned. Most Jordanians do not know any openly LGBT people and many dismiss homosexuality as part of a dangerous foreign agenda, aligned with Western thought and cultural imperialism. LGBT Jordanians are therefore often torn between their sexuality and their Muslim Arab identity.

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