Country Reports

Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.

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Customary Law and its impact in Botswana Customary Law and its impact in Botswana

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Date added: 05/24/2013
Date modified: 05/24/2013
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Botswana customary law2013, 8 pages

Botswana has a dual judicial system, one based on customary law and the other on a combination of English and Roman-Dutch law (‘received law’). Both legal systems are used by people in Botswana
and have courts established to adjudicate on matters between parties. This paper seeks to discuss customary law as practiced in Botswana and its impact on the equal rights of women and men, women’s rights, children and Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transsexuals and Intersexed (LGBTI) people.

The paper will also briefly discuss the parallel judicial systems in other Southern African Legal Assistance Network (SALAN) member states as well as the work which DITSHWANELO (www.ditshwanelo.org.bw) does in the field of customary law.

Criminalizing identities Criminalizing identities

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Date added: 02/27/2013
Date modified: 05/24/2013
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Rights abuses in Cameroon based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Criminalizing identities CameroonThis 62-page report from 2010 details how the government uses article 347 bis of the Penal Code to deny basic rights to people perceived to be gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). The report describes arrests, beatings by the police, abuses in prison, and a homophobic atmosphere that encourages shunning and abuse in the community. The consequence is that people are not punished for a specific outlawed practice, but for a homosexual identity, the groups said.

Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia Coming out in the Kingdom: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in Cambodia

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Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
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Report from the LGBT Rights Project by the Cambodian Center for Human Rights (2010).

cambodjaHomosexuality is not illegal in Cambodia and there are no anti-gay religious traditions. However, LGBT persons in Cambodia still face discrimination and/or abuse from family members, employers, and police.

As a result of differences in language and culture, the concept of ‘homosexuality’ as understood in the West is not necessarily directly transferable and understandable in the Cambodian context. Rather, the Cambodian understanding of sexuality is derived from concepts of gender, character and personality. The focus on these character traits and outwardly visible characteristics instead of sexual orientation means that many Cambodians who are homosexual do not identify themselves as such. Among Buddhists, there is a general disposition to tolerate homosexuality. Because Cambodian culture is predominantly Buddhist, homosexuality, whilst seen as an oddity, does not attract the kind of aggressive reaction as can be seen in Christian or Muslim cultures. King Father Norodom Sihanouk has expressed public support for LGBT people but the views of other politicians have been mixed. The challenges faced by LGBT people in Cambodia have not been acknowledged by the Royal Government of Cambodia ("RGC") and do not seem to feature on the RGC agenda at all.

Cameroon fact-finding report 2015 Cameroon fact-finding report 2015

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Date added: 06/12/2015
Date modified: 06/12/2015
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Cameroon 2015Februar 2015, 36 pages

This joined report deplore that threats and physical assaults against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersexual (LGBTI) human rights defenders in Cameroon have reached alarming proportions over the last few years.

The testimonies and analyses gathered during the fact-finding mission reflected an environment marked by overall insecurity and intimidation against health rights and LGBTI rights defenders, in a context of criminalisation of homosexuality.

The report is published by The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, (a joint FIDH-OMCT programme), together with MDHC, REDHAC and AMSHeR.

Boldly Queer Boldly Queer

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Date added: 08/17/2015
Date modified: 08/17/2015
Filesize: 12.49 MB
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Boldly Queer2015, 184 pages

Hivos has officially released the publication Boldly Queer: African Perspectives on Same-sex Sexuality and Gender Diversity. The book is a rich collection of articles, essays, stories and photographs that highlight a growing understanding of LGBT rights struggles and realities on the African continent. Seventeen scholars, activists and writers from across Africa contributed to the book. What the contributions have in common is audacity and boldness, not accepting the status quo of suppression by conservative values, severe criminalisation or increased religiosity. In short, these contributions are “boldly queer”.

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