Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.
The Other Tanzanians. Landscape Analysis of the human rights of Sex Workers and LGBTI communities in Tanzania 2015-2016.
2016, 54 pages
This report by the East African Sexual Health and Rights Initiative maps the political, social, legal and organisational landscape of sex workers and LGBT people in Tanzania. It further describes the lived realities of these people.
A study of the LGBTI community's search for equality and non-discrimination in Kenya (2011).
In this report, The Kenya Human Rights Commission finds that human rights violations against LGBTI persons in Kenya are systematic, highly prevalent and generally not redressed by the state when called to. LGBTI persons are routinely abused, subjected to hate speech and incitement to violence, they suffer physical violence in terms from mobs and are occasionally raped by police, vigilantes and organized criminals.
The study also finds that LGBTI persons are often harassed by state officials, who enforce heteronormativity against presumed homosexual expressions, extort for bribes or ask for sexual favours and charge those who do not comply with their demands with trumped up charges. There is a deliberate failure by the state to protect LGBTI persons from discrimination both in policy and legislation.
The Kenya Human Rights Commission recommends that Civil Society Organisations, especially those organizing around human rights, should:
1. Mainstream LGBTI work in their human rights advocacy work.
2. File and support strategic and public interest litigation on violations seeking orders for declaration of rights in the Bill of Rights to protect LGBTI persons from continued discrimination.
3. Constitute programs that sensitize judicial officers, the police, ministries, civil servants, professional and commercial organizations and other relevant actors on the human rights issues concerning LGBTI persons.
Human Rights Watch Report (2009).
Until 2007 transgender women in Kuwait were able to circulate freely, secure employment, access public health care, and live with minimal interference from police.
That changed when Kuwait’s National Assembly voted to amend the country’s penal code: A previously generic public decency law now stipulated that anyone “imitating the opposite sex in any way” would face one year in prison, a large fine, or both. The amendment did not criminalize any specific behavior or act, but rather physical appearance, the acceptable parameters of which were to be arbitrarily defined by individual police. These provisions have created a sea-change in the lives of Kuwaiti transgender women. Many have since become victims of abuse by police, who often take advantage of the law to harass, sexually assault, and arbitrarily arrest them.
Human Rights Watch urge Kuwait to take immediate steps to investigate allegations of torture, prosecute those responsible, and implement working mechanisms to curb future abuses. In order to comply with its obligations under international law, Kuwait should impose an immediate moratorium on arrests under the amended article 198 and repeal the amendment, which in and of itself is vague and overbroad, failing to define the elements of the crime with any specificity, and as a result has been applied in an arbitrary manner.
Human Rights Watch report (2009).
Accoring to Human Rights Watch, the situation for LGBT people in Iraq is very worrying. The report describes how sexual minorities have been further marginalized during the war, especially by the Mahdi army who have killed and tortured LGBT persons. Through interviews with marginalized sexual minoritites HRW documents the problems and stress that the political leaders of Iraq must react to those.
HRW points to the Arab Charter on Human Rights, adopted in 1994 by the Council of the League of Arab States, of which Iraq is a member, which states in article 5 that “Every individual has the right to life, liberty and security of person. These rights shall be protected by law.”
Therefore the Iraqi authorities are obliged not to ignore known threats to the life of people within their jurisdiction, and to take reasonable and appropriate measures to protect LGBT persons. HRW ends the report by listing recommendations to the political leaders and the military.
Treat us like human beings: Discrimination against Sex Workers, Sexual and Gender Minorities, and People Who Use Drugs in Tanzania
June 2013, 110 pages
This report from Human Rights Watch results from research conducted between May 2012 and April 2013 by Human
Rights Watch and Wake Up and Step Forward Network (WASO), a Dar es Salaam-based
network of groups that represent men who have sex with men. It documents human rights
violations experienced by sex workers, people who use drugs, and lesbian, gay, bisexual,
transgender, and intersex people (LGBTI), including MSM. It also exposes the very
troubling situation of sexual exploitation of children in sex work. The report highlights two
main categories of human rights violations: those for which law enforcement officials bear
primary responsibility, and those within the health sector.