Country Reports

Information on the conditions for LGBTI minorities in specific countries from global human rights organizations and other sources.


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Survey of Sexual Minorities in Central and West Africa Survey of Sexual Minorities in Central and West Africa

Date added: 05/24/2013
Date modified: 05/24/2013
Filesize: 2.21 MB
Downloads: 1165

Survey from QAYN2012, 39 pages

Over the past four years, the West and Central Africa sub-regions have seen a rapidly growing flame of controversy, political debates and media attention on questions related to the existence, identities and rights of sexual minority. Most notably, recent cases in Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Cameroon, have served as a catalyst for debates and increased visibility of the realities of this population. However, very little data exists on this community.

This research enriches the “library” of data on the realities of LGBTI in Africa, “library” that has started to be built across the continent. For instance, in researches conducted in countries such as Cameroon, Morocco, Nigeria and Senegal, it was highlighted how the question of homosexuality is increasingly becoming a problematic one. One the other hand, these researches also show how it is becoming more and more challenging for African politicians to declare without reservation that homosexuality is “un-African”, since the respondents of these research projects are African, living on the continent who have voluntarily taken part in the studies, despite the social and political context in their countries.

The issue is violence: Attacks on LGBT people on Kenya's coast. The issue is violence: Attacks on LGBT people on Kenya's coast.

Date added: 03/04/2016
Date modified: 03/04/2016
Filesize: 1.09 MB
Downloads: 286

The issue is violence2015, 79 pages

In collaboration with PEMA Kenya, Human Rights Watch have looked into a series of homo- and transphobic attacks along the Kenyan coast. The groups documented rights abuses against members of sexual minorities in Kenya’s coast region, including mob violence, assault, rape, incitement to violence, and inadequate protection. The report identifies ways the Kenyan authorities could improve their response to these abuses.

The Other Tanzanians. Landscape Analysis of the human rights of Sex Workers and LGBTI communities in Tanzania 2015-2016. The Other Tanzanians. Landscape Analysis of the human rights of Sex Workers and LGBTI communities in Tanzania 2015-2016.

Date added: 06/23/2016
Date modified: 06/23/2016
Filesize: 2.61 MB
Downloads: 325

Analysis LGBT Tanzania2016, 54 pages

This report by the East African Sexual Health and Rights Initiative maps the political, social, legal and organisational landscape of sex workers and LGBT people in Tanzania. It further describes the lived realities of these people.

The outlawed amongst us The outlawed amongst us

Date added: 07/23/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 490.74 kB
Downloads: 854


A study of the LGBTI community's search for equality and non-discrimination in Kenya (2011).

In this report, The Kenya Human Rights Commission finds that human rights violations against LGBTI persons in Kenya are systematic, highly prevalent and generally not redressed by the state when called to. LGBTI persons are routinely abused, subjected to hate speech and incitement to violence, they suffer physical violence in terms from mobs and are occasionally raped by police, vigilantes and organized criminals.

The study also finds that LGBTI persons are often harassed by state officials, who enforce heteronormativity against presumed homosexual expressions, extort for bribes or ask for sexual favours and charge those who do not comply with their demands with trumped up charges. There is a deliberate failure by the state to protect LGBTI persons from discrimination both in policy and legislation.

The Kenya Human Rights Commission recommends that Civil Society Organisations, especially those organizing around human rights, should:

1. Mainstream LGBTI work in their human rights advocacy work.

2. File and support strategic and public interest litigation on violations seeking orders for declaration of rights in the Bill of Rights to protect LGBTI persons from continued discrimination.

3. Constitute programs that sensitize judicial officers, the police, ministries, civil servants, professional and commercial organizations and other relevant actors on the human rights issues concerning LGBTI persons.

They hunt us down for fun. Discrimination and police violence against transgender women in Kuwait They hunt us down for fun. Discrimination and police violence against transgender women in Kuwait

Date added: 06/11/2012
Date modified: 08/02/2012
Filesize: 1.25 MB
Downloads: 503

Human Rights Watch Report (2009).

Until 2007 transgender women in Kuwait were able to circulate freely, secure employment, access public health care, and live with minimal interference from police.

That changed when Kuwait’s National Assembly voted to amend the country’s penal code: A previously generic public decency law now stipulated that anyone “imitating the opposite sex in any way” would face one year in prison, a large fine, or both. The amendment did not criminalize any specific behavior or act, but rather physical appearance, the acceptable parameters of which were to be arbitrarily defined by individual police. These provisions have created a sea-change in the lives of Kuwaiti transgender women. Many have since become victims of abuse by police, who often take advantage of the law to harass, sexually assault, and arbitrarily arrest them.

Human Rights Watch urge Kuwait to take immediate steps to investigate allegations of torture, prosecute those responsible, and implement working mechanisms to curb future abuses. In order to comply with its obligations under international law, Kuwait should impose an immediate moratorium on arrests under the amended article 198 and repeal the amendment, which in and of itself is vague and overbroad, failing to define the elements of the crime with any specificity, and as a result has been applied in an arbitrary manner.

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